Quenchable boron steels represent a breakthrough in heat treatment technology. These steels use boron as a hardening agent. The melting and refining process, together with thermomechanical treatment by controlled hot rolling, allow ArcelorMittal quenchable boron steel to attain a remarkable degree of hardness and a very uniform microstructure, resulting in excellent mechanical loading performance after heat treatment of the finished part.
After heat treatment
Their extreme hardness after heat treatment makes these grades particularly suitable for applications requiring high wear/abrasion resistance. Their use allows significant weight saving (up to 50% compared with an HSLA grade) in structural and automotive components. The specific advantage of ArcelorMittal quenchable boron steels is their suitability for water quenching, making the process more environmentally friendly (less effluent treatment) than that used for conventional carbon steels. Their hardening performance is excellent with both liquid and gas quenching.
ArcelorMittal offers the following quenchable boron grades: 22MnB5 AM FCE, 30MnB5 AM FCE and 38MnB5 AM FCE.
Properties can be tailored to specific requirements. Contact our commercial teams for further information.
The choice of grade will depend on:
- The required hardness of the finished part
- The abrasion resistance required
- The severity of the forming process envisaged
22MnB5 AM FCE, 30MnB5 AM FCE and 38MnB5 can be hot or cold formed.
In spite of their moderate hardness and mechanical properties, boron grades exhibit remarkably good abrasion resistance in their delivery condition, thanks to their composite microstructure consisting of a hard pearlite phase embedded in ferrite. They are therefore very cost-effective solutions for applications requiring good abrasion resistance.
Quenchable boron steels are used in applications requiring good wear resistant properties. The main applications for these steel grades after heat treatment are agricultural machinery (discs, plough shares), machinery for public works and mining, cutting equipment etc. A popular application for untreated steel is concrete mixer drums.
Recommendations for use
The Jominy curve of both 22MnB5 AM FCE and 30MnB5 AM FCE is shown below. This curve gives the hardness as a function of the distance to the quenched area.
TRC characterisation of 22MnB5 AM FCE
The recommended austenitising temperature is 880°C. The temperature at the beginning of the quenching process (i.e. at the maximum cooling rate) is 750°C. Ac3 temperature is 860°C, for a heating rate of 5°C/s. Ac1 temperature is 750°C, and Ms (Martensitic Start) starting temperature is 400°C.
In a tensile test, after austenitisation for 5 minutes at 850°C followed by water quenching, the structure of the sample obtained is entirely of the martensite type. In the same test performed at 840°C, a few islands of residual ferrite can be observed, regularly distributed.
TRC characterisation of 30MnB5 AM FCE
The recommended austenitising temperature is 830°C to 850°C. The temperature at the beginning of the quenching process (i.e. at the maximum cooling rate) is 730°C. The TRC diagrams are available on request.
22MnB5 AM FCE, 30MnB5 AM FCE and 38MnB5 AM FCE can be hot or cold formed.
Typical mechanical properties of a 6 mm specimen in the rolling direction before and after quenching are indicated below.
|Grade||Re (MPa)||Rm (MPa)||A (%)||Hardness HRC||Re (MPa)||Rm (MPa)||A (%)|
|22MnB5 AM FCE||350||520||27||45||1100||1500||10|
|30MnB5 AM FCE and EN 10083||440||660||25||50||1200||1700||8|
|38MnB5 AM FCE||480||760||18||55||1300||2000||7|
N/A = Not available
Changing up from grade 30MnB5 AM FCE to 38MnB5 AM FCE makes it possible to increase hardness by about 10% on the quenched parts. Abrasion tests show that this translates into a dramatic improvement of 40% of the wear resistance.
22MnB5 AM FCE, 30MnB5 AM FCE and 38MnB5 AM FCE are available in A unexposed surface quality only.
Fatigue resistance is determined after heat treatment and quenching. 22MnB5 AM FCE steel 2.65 mm thick has been fatigue-tested by cyclical tensile loading with a load ratio of Rs = 0.1 after different heat treatments. Specimens were austenitised at 950°C for 5 minutes.
|Specimen heated for 5 minutes at 950°C followed by:||Endurance limit sD (MPa)||Spread (sigma) (MPa)||Maximum stress sD(MPa)|
|Water quenching + heat treatment at 200°C for 20 minutes||293||26||651|
sD = (smax - smin)/2
The fatigue resistance of ArcelorMittal's boron quenchable steels is between 40 and 60% higher than S355MC AM FCE low alloy grade. She can be reduced by over 30% if total decarburisation is carried out.
|EN 10083-3:2006||NF A 36102||DIN 1654 Teil 4||BS970 Part 1||UNI 3756||UNE 36034||J1268||UNS|
|22MnB5 AM FCE||20MnB5||20MnB5RR||22B2||174H20||21B3||21B3/20MnB5||10B21/15B21||H15211|
|30MnB5 EN 10083-3||30MnB5||30MnB5RR||28B2||15B30||H15301|
|30MnB5 AM FCE||30MnB5||30MnB5RR||28B2||15B30||H15301|
|38MnB5 EN 10083-3||38MnB5|
|38MnB5 AM FCE||38MnB5|
|Grades in italics: not included in the standard|
|Thickness (mm)||22MnB5 AM FCE||30MnB5 EN 10083-3, 30MnB5 AM FCE||38MnB5 EN 10083-3, 38MnB5 AM FCE|
|Min width||Max width||Min width||Max width||Min width||Max width|
|1.70 ≤ th < 2.00||685||1015||685||1065||-||-|
|2.00 ≤ th < 2.30||1265||1265|
|2.30 ≤ th < 2.40||600||600||1250|
|2.40 ≤ th < 3.00||1460||1460||1370|
|3.00 ≤ th < 4.00||1650||1650||1575|
|4.00 ≤ th < 4.50||1850||1850|
|4.50 ≤ th < 5.00||1950||1950|
|5.00 ≤ th < 8.00||2150||2150|
|8.00 ≤ th < 14.00||685||800|
|14.00 ≤ th < 15.00||1370|
|15.00 ≤ th < 16.00||-||-||800||1370|
|Thickness (mm)||Min width||22MnB5 AM FCE||30MnB5 EN 10083-3, 30MnB5 AM FCE||38MnB5 EN 10083-3, 38MnB5 AM FCE|
|Max width||Max width||Max width|
|1.70 ≤ th < 2.00||660||1050||1050||-|
|2.00 ≤ th < 2.40||1260||1250|
|2.40 ≤ th < 3.00||1450||1280|
|3.00 ≤ th < 4.00||1630|
|4.00 ≤ th < 4.50||1830||1100|
|4.50 ≤ th < 5.00||1930|
|5.00 ≤ th < 6.00||2130|
|6.00 ≤ th < 7.00||1550||-|
|7.00 ≤ th < 8.00||1280|
These grades receive a globularisation treatment of the manganese sulphides. The efficiency of boron is ensured by the addition of elements that bind nitrogen.
|22MnB5 AM FCE||0.200 - 0.250||1.10 - 1.40||≤ 0.025||≤ 0.008||0.15 - 0.35||≥ 0.015||0.020 - 0.060||0.0020 - 0.0050|
|30MnB5 EN 10083-3||0.270 - 0.330||1.15 - 1.45||≤ 0.025||≤ 0.035||≤ 0.40||-||-||0.0008 - 0.0050|
|30MnB5 AM FCE||0.270 - 0.330||1.15 - 1.45||≤ 0.025||≤ 0.005||0.17 - 0.35||≥ 0.015||0.020 - 0.050||0.0010 - 0.0050|
|38MnB5 EN 10083-3||0.360 - 0.420||1.15 - 1.45||≤ 0.025||≤ 0.035||≤ 0.40||-||-||0.0008 - 0.0050|
|38MnB5 AM FCE||0.360 - 0.420||1.15 - 1.45||≤ 0.025||≤ 0.005||0.17 - 0.35||≥ 0.015||0.020 - 0.050||0.0010 - 0.0050|
|Grades in italics: not included in the standard|
|Values in bold: tighter than the standard|
For commercial information (quotations, deliveries, product availability):
For technical questions about these products: firstname.lastname@example.org
All details provided in the ArcelorMittal Flat Carbon Europe S.A. catalogue are for information purposes only. ArcelorMittal Flat Carbon Europe S.A. reserves the right to change its product range at any time without prior notice.