Properties

These low alloy steel grades complete the Amstrong® range (see data sheet A20) and offer exceptionally high yield strength values. They have a fine grain structure, low carbon content for improved weldability, and controlled internal purity.

Advantages

Weight reduction

 

The grades in this data sheet combine outstanding mechanical properties (very high strength, fatigue resistance and toughness) with good formability and weldability. Their guaranteed high yield strength makes it possible to achieve substantial weight reduction through downgauging, whilst maintaining overall performance and safety. These steel grades are therefore frequently used to replace conventional structural steel grades when weight reduction is required.

 

Thickness reduction brings additional savings when processing the material, since it is easier to weld, and reduces transport costs. Further savings are also achieved in service, in the form of lower energy consumption, improved mechanical performance, safety etc.

 

Abrasion/wear resistance

 

In some applications (conveying devices, earth-moving or transportation vehicles etc), the steel surface can be subject to wear. Wear is a complex physical phenomenon that depends not only on the presence of abrasive materials but also on the conditions under which it occurs (pressure, temperature, impact, corrosion etc). 



Compared with standard structural steel grades, Ultra High Strength Steel grades allow a significant improvement in wear resistance. In many cases, they can be more economical and easier to process than steel grades specifically designed for wear resistance.

Applications

Their very high yield strength contributes to a solution that increases the payload capacity and gives higher strength structures.

Typical applications include telescopic cranes, aerial platforms, concrete pumps, telescopic handlers, tippers and truck trailers, where the emphasis is on strength and weight reduction potential.

Recommendations for use

Thermal cutting

These grades are suitable for oxygen, plasma and laser cutting.

 

Estimation of the possible thickness reduction

When switching from grade 1 (with low yield strength) to grade 2 (proposed in this data sheet), an estimation of the thickness reduction that can be achieved is given by the following formula:

t2 = t1 (Re1/Re2)½

where t = thickness            Re = yield strength   

Please note that other issues, such as fatigue resistance, need to be checked before reducing thickness.

Surface quality

These grades are available in "A - Unexposed" finish only.

Weldability

Weldability and cold crack susceptibility of these grades are more accurately assessed using the PCM formula (parameter crack measurement), which was developed for low carbon steels (< 0.11%).

 

Due to their typical low carbon equivalent value (PCM < 0.25), these ArcelorMittal grades do not need to be pre- or post-heated when welding. They are not prone to excessive hardening due to their low carbon and low alloy content, are totally insensitive to cold cracking and are suitable for all types of arc welding.

 

 Thickness rangeCEV typicalPCM typical
Amstrong® Ultra 650MC≤ 12 mm0.420.18
 > 12 mm0.45
Amstrong® Ultra 700MC< 6 mm0.370.16
 6 < 10 mm0.430.18
≥ 10 mm0.45

 

Heat-affected zone softening - welding recommendations

 

If special care is not taken, softening may occur in the heat-affected zone (HAZ), particularly in the intercritical heat-affected zone (ICHAZ), which is typical behaviour of thermomechanically rolled steel grades with yield strength above 500 MPa. The extent of softening and the width of the softened zone increases with heat input applied during welding.

 

In order to preserve the high mechanical properties of the base material after welding, the recommendation is to limit the welding energy to about 1.5 kJ/cm per millimetre of thickness, as shown in the figure below, which corresponds to the following maximum cooling times (between 800°C and 500°C):

 

 

 

Recommendations for selecting the suitable heat input for MAG welding of Amstrong® Ultra 700MC grade.

 

Interpass temperature & heat treatment

 

Amstrong® Ultra 650MC and Amstrong® Ultra 700MC do not need to be pre- or post-heated when welding. In multi-pass welding, the interpass temperature acts as preheating for the subsequent pass and increases cooling time. The interpass temperature should therefore be limited to minimise any loss in mechanical properties. The maximum recommended interpass temperature is 100°C. 

 

Similarly, post-weld heat treatment may cause loss in mechanical properties. We therefore strongly recommend that you contact ArcelorMittal prior to performing any heat treatment, to define the suitable settings.

 

Filler wire selection

 

We recommend using filler wires that at least match or overmatch the strength of the base material. Recommended wires/fluxes for Amstrong® Ultra 700MC are listed in the table below.

SupplierSMAWGMAWFCAWSAW
EsabOK 75.75OK Autrod 13.29, OK Aristorod 13.31OK Tubrod 14.03OK Autrod 13.43OK Flux 10.62
FilarcFilarc 118 Filarc PZ 6148  
LincolnConarc 80LNM MoNiVaOutershield 690-HLNS 168P230
Conarc 85 Outershield MC-100LA 100Lincolnweld 8500
OerlikonTenacito 80 CLCarbofil NiMoCrFluxofil 42OE-S3 NiMoCrOP 121TT
Tenax 118MCarbofil MnNiMoCitoflux M07Fluxocord 42
S.A.F. Air LiquideSafer ND 80Nertalic 88Steelcored 42  
Safdual 270  
ThyssenSHNK 100Union NiMoCr Union S3 NiMoCrUV 421TT

 

Mechanical properties after welding

 

When welded within the recommended heat input range, the tensile strength and the impact toughness of the welded area of Amstrong® Ultra 650MC and Amstrong® Ultra 700MC steel grades are superior to the minimum requirements of European standards EN 288 and EN 10149 relating to the base metal.

Fatigue resistance

The fine grain size and low sulphur content improve the fatigue resistance of the steel. Fatigue performance is measured by uniaxial tests at different stress levels. These values are used to plot the Wöhler curve and determine the endurance limit of the steel grade.

 

Typical Wöhler curves of Amstrong® Ultra 700MC show an endurance limit above 560 MPa (with R = 0.1).

 

However, it should be noted that it is advisable - as with most materials - to keep welded joints away from highly stressed zones, particularly in the case of dynamic loading, since they may adversely affect fatigue endurance.

Brand correspondence

 EN 10149-2:2013NF A 36-203:1992BS 1449/1SEW 92*USA ASTM
S650MC EN 10149-2 S650MC  (QstE 690TM) 
Amstrong® Ultra 650MC      
S700MC EN 10149-2 S700MC(E690D)   
Amstrong® Ultra 700MC S700MC(E690D)75F70 A514
() Closest grade as no fully equivalent grade exists.
* The values for the tensile test of these steel grades apply to transverse test pieces.

Dimensions

 

Mill finish

Thickness (mm)Min widthS650MC EN 10149-2, Amstrong® Ultra 650MCS700MC EN 10149-2, Amstrong® Ultra 700MC
Max widthMax width
2.00 ≤ th < 3.00800-1250
3.00 ≤ th < 4.0015201520
4.00 ≤ th < 5.0016201620
5.00 ≤ th < 6.0017201720
6.00 ≤ th < 7.0017801780
7.00 ≤ th < 8.0018501850
8.00 ≤ th < 10.0020202020
10.00 ≤ th < 11.0020402040
11.00 ≤ th < 12.0020502050
12.00 ≤ th < 15.00*-

* Please contact us.

 

Pickled

Available on request. Please contact us.


Mechanical properties

Toughness

The fine grain size and low sulphur and carbon content of these Amstrong® Ultra grades improve steel toughness.

 

For this reason, the option proposed by EN 10149:2013 for this characteristic is included in our Amstrong® Ultra range.

 

Two versions of Amstrong® Ultra 650MC and Amstrong® Ultra 700MC are available:

 

 

Bending

The minimum 180° bending radius of Amstrong® Ultra 650MC and Amstrong® Ultra 700MC can vary according to the edge quality of the sheet:

 


 
Notes
Direction
Thickness (mm)
Re (MPa)
Rm (MPa)
A80 (%)
A 5.65√So (%)
Bending ratio (th)
KV -20°C (J)
KV -40°C (J)
S650MC EN 10149-21L2 - 3≥ 650700 - 880≥ 10----
3 - 8-≥ 12
8 - 10≥ 630
T2 - 10----≥ 2--
Amstrong® Ultra 650MC2+1L2 - 3≥ 650700 - 850≥ 10----
3 - 6-≥ 14
6 - 8≥ 40≥ 27
8 - 12≥ 630
T2 - 3≥ 670710 - 880≥ 10-≥ 1.8--
3 - 8-≥ 12
8 - 15≥ 650
S700MC EN 10149-21L2 - 3≥ 700750 - 950≥ 10----
3 - 8-≥ 12
8 - 10≥ 680
T2 - 10----≥ 2--
Amstrong® Ultra 700MC2+1L2 - 3≥ 700750 - 930≥ 10----
3 - 6-≥ 14
6 - 8≥ 40≥ 27
8 - 13≥ 680
T2 - 3≥ 720760 - 950≥ 10-≥ 1.8--
3 - 8-≥ 12
8 - 10≥ 700
10 - 13-
Values in bold: tighter than the standard
1. Bending ratio is as defined in EN 10149-2:2013: “Bending at 180° minimum mandrel diameter”.
2. Tough version with a toughness guarantee of 27J/-40C, symbolised in the steel grade name by the T - Amstrong® Ultra 650MCT and Amstrong® Ultra 700MCT.


Chemical composition


 
C (%)
Mn (%)
P (%)
S (%)
Si (%)
Al (%)
Mo (%)
Nb (%)
V (%)
Ti (%)
B (%)
Galvanisation
S650MC EN 10149-2 ≤ 0.120 ≤ 2.00 ≤ 0.025 ≤ 0.015 ≤ 0.60 ≥ 0.015 ≤ 0.50 ≤ 0.090 ≤ 0.200 ≤ 0.220 ≤ 0.0050 No
Amstrong® Ultra 650MC 0.100 ≤ 2.00 ≤ 0.025 0.005 0.25 ≥ 0.015 ≤ 0.50 ≤ 0.090 ≤ 0.200 0.150 ≤ 0.0050 -
S700MC EN 10149-2 ≤ 0.120 ≤ 2.10 ≤ 0.025 ≤ 0.015 ≤ 0.60 ≥ 0.015 ≤ 0.50 ≤ 0.090 ≤ 0.200 ≤ 0.220 ≤ 0.0050 No
Amstrong® Ultra 700MC 0.100 ≤ 2.10 ≤ 0.025 0.005 0.25 ≥ 0.015 ≤ 0.50 ≤ 0.090 ≤ 0.200 0.150 ≤ 0.0050 -
Values in bold: tighter than the standard

The above chemical properties are based on cast analysis data.
The total Nb, V and Ti content should not exceed 0.22%.

Galvanisability is defined as per the requirements of EN ISO 14713-2 Table 1.

Amstrong® Ultra 650MC and Amstrong® Ultra 700MC: Cat. A possible on request for thicknesses ≤ 8 mm and Cat. B available for higher thicknesses.



For commercial information (quotations, deliveries, product availability):

For technical questions about these products: flateurope.technical.assistance@arcelormittal.com


All details provided in the ArcelorMittal Flat Carbon Europe S.A. catalogue are for information purposes only. ArcelorMittal Flat Carbon Europe S.A. reserves the right to change its product range at any time without prior notice.